Re-Horakhty takes flight giving rise to the winged disk.
Horus Behdety, the Winged Disk (not the Sun!). Temple of Sobek, Kom Ombo. Photo: Alex Kaos.
Cosmic catastrophe in plain sight. A meticulously carved winged sphere - a direct representation of a winged planet that graced earth's skies only a few thousand years ago.
"Great God, Lord of Heaven, Dappled of Plumage"
The winged disk is a familiar emblem found in Egypt, Mesopotamia, Anatolia, and Persia. It can be found carved over temple doorways, on the rounded top of stela (as above) and on many papyri. The exact nature of the winged disk has been the subject of discussion and disagreement for over half a century.
Having no concept of catastrophism Egyptologists affirm the winged sun-disk represents the midday Sun (ref). A truly perplexing situation given the Egyptian noontime Sun graces the skies as a golden glaring ball - it doesn't have wings and most certainly isn't coloured red (the above orb was once coloured red). More than that, scholars are ignoring the text and iconography which clearly reveals the winged disk was venerated as Horus Behdety and was in fact the 'son of Re,' a totally separate deity to Re.
Again, disassociating from Re
To the ancient Egyptians the winged disk was yet another form of the god Horus. He was known as Horus Behdety, Horus of Behdet (Edfu) and belonged to the Haroeris (Horus the Elder) side of Horus. As with the majority of Horus forms many Pharaohs were believed to be the incarnation of Horus Behdety.
"Horus Behdety was represented as a winged sun disk on temples all over Egypt, just as Ra had apparently decreed." (ref.)
So wherever you see an image of the winged disk you are looking at Horus Behdety, not Re or Ra, but Horus Behdety, this is an accepted fact! And, as I contend, a totally separate entity (or manifested body) to the Sun.
Planetary chaos gives rise to a new winged form of Horus.
As we have seen the Horus form Re-Horakhty originated as a result of planetary god kings (Horus incarnate) migrating sunside (between the Sun and the earth) to many times rise and set in front of Re hence, the 'Re Horus of the horizons.' Horus Behdety also came about due to the location and attributes of the planetary kings, notably the movements and attributes of pharaonic Mercury. Mars and the Moon periodically exhibited winged traits upon close approach to earth during the New Kingdom, especially prior to and post Amarna Period. However, it was the new born Mercury (Mars' iron core) where the main origin of the winged disk lies. By a combination of the solar wind, remnant magnetism (Mercury, once the dynamo of Mars), and dust and debris, Mercury was seen to adorn 'wings' on numerous occasions (especially around noon) as it migrated from the vicinity of earth towards the Sun. It was clearly seen courtesy of a hazed red Sun, sometimes even seemingly sailing across the sky in Re's solar barque of millions of years. Mercury's birth was not only the primary orb responsible for the creation of the winged Horus Behdety, but also primary responsible for the winged disk throughout the ancient world.
The spherical shape of Mercury easily discerned and represented accordingly. The twin cobras are a symbolic representation of a scolding hot surface lashing out into space (see Cobra Goddess Wadjet).
"Behdety, the great god, the one of the many-coloured plumage, lord of the Heavens."
(The Beit Shean stela of Seti I)
A shadow caused by the winged Mercury when close to earth?
"Behdety spreads his arms for you as a cool space."
(Amun temple at Karnak, ref)
Horus Behdety the Son of Re.
The following reveals how 'Horus, son of Re' gave rise (literally) to Horus Behdety, clearly alluding to a separate Horus body - in this case Mercury.
"At this juncture Thoth (Moon) declared that Horus, son of Ra, should be called Horus Behdety, and Behdet (Edfu) should be called the city of Horus; and Ra referred with pleasure to the blood which his son had shed and which he likened to grapes."
(The Gods of Egyptians, Budge, p 477).
Taken from 'The Legend of Horus of Behdety and the Winged Disk' (note: a late myth) the following excerpts not only confirm the Re 'offspring' relationship but also demonstrates some of the many distinct forms of Horus. They also clearly reveal that the main role of Horus Behdety was to assist Re in combating his enemies. Hardly surprising given that Mercury was pummelled by space debris as it dominated the skies to the forefront of Re (see The Nonexistent Battles of the Pharaohs).
"And Isis (ecliptic), the divine lady, spake before Ra (sun), saying, "Let the exalted Winged Disk become the amulet of my son Horus, who hath cut off the head of the Enemy and the heads of his fiends."
"Then the Majesty of Ra Harmachis (the Re Horus in the horizon, analogous to Re-Horakhty) said unto thy divine Ka (double), O Horus-Behdety, O son of Ra, thou exalted one, who didst proceed from me, overthrow thou the enemies who are before thee straightway. And Horus Behdety flew up into the horizon in the form of the great Winged Disk, for which reason he is called Great God, Lord of Heaven, unto this day."
"And when he saw the enemies in the heights of heaven he set out to follow after them in the form of the great Winged Disk, and he attacked with such terrific force those who opposed him, that they could neither see with their eyes nor hear with their ears, and each of them slew his fellow. In a moment of time there was not a single creature left alive. Then Horus Behdety, shining with very many colours, came in the form of the great Winged Disk to the Boat of Ra-Harmachis (The 'Re Horus in the Horizon')..."
"And Horus Behdety said, Advance, O Ra, and look thou upon thine enemies who are lying under thee on this land; thereupon the Majesty of Ra set out on the way... "
"And Ra said unto Horus of Heben, O Winged Disk, thou great god and lord of heaven..."
"Then Ra (Sun) said unto Thoth (Moon), See what mighty things Horus Behdety (Mercury?) hath performed in his deeds against the enemies: verily he bath smitten them!"
It is truly perplexing how scholars lump all Horus gods (in addition to so many other deities) into the category of 'solar gods' when the text unequivocally reveals otherwise.
Below is an example of two distinctive forms of Horus joining forces to vanquish Egypt's enemies. It's more than possible that Mars and Mercury are being talked about here (as two forms of Horus).
"Thus Horus Behdety and Horus, the son of Isis (Harsiese), slaughtered that evil Enemy, and his fiends, and the inert foes, and came forth with them to the water on the west side of this district. And Horus Behdety was in the form of a man of mighty strength, and he had the face of a hawk, and his head was crowned with the White Crown and the Red Crown, and with two plumes (cometary tails) and two uraei, and he had the back of a hawk, and his spear and his chain were in his hands. And Horus, the son of Isis, transformed himself into a similar shape, even as Horus Behdety had done before him."
"Horus Behdety fights constantly against Seth and an army of darkness to ensure that the sun rises each day." (ref) This is a separate body seemingly assisting Re as it rises in the east.
Sailing across the heavens in Re's boat.
"Then Horus Behdety took upon himself the form of the Winged Disk, and he placed himself upon the front of the Boat of Ra. And he placed by his side the goddess Nekhebet and the goddess Wadjet, in the form of two serpents, that they might make the enemies to quake in [all] their limbs..."
('two serpents,' see Egyptian Cobra Goddess Wadjet).
"And Horus Behdety was at the back (or, side) of them in the Boat of Ra, and those who were following him had spears of metal and chains of metal in their hands;
"And Horus Behdety made a journey in the boat of Re..."
"Then Horus Behdety spake in the presence of his father Ra, saying, I beseech thee to set thy boat against them, so that I may be able to perform against them that which Ra willeth; and this was done."
The first rock from the sun Mercury, even today travels with the sun across the sky, only today it is deemed invisible due to the glare from the Sun. Not so only a few thousand years ago, numerous bodies were observed seemingly cruising aboard Re's eternal barque, courtesy of a hazed sun. The Moon, once a month and for a few days either side of new moon today also follows the sun across the sky; so as I said before I'm not ruling out other bodies as Behdety manifest, especially given that our moon was molten hot and glowing red only a few thousand years ago. Incidentally, some have discussed how the ancients could possibly measure the exactly timing of the New Moon. Answer; they simply observed it as it lined up (conjunction) with the Sun.
The timing of the conflict paralleling Mercury's breakaway.
Its even possible to even narrow down the time of year Behdety assisted Re in his eternal struggle against evil.
"This winged disk—which was sometimes identified with the Morning and Evening Star (Fairman pp. 35-36 [12,4—12, 6])—represents the assistance Horus offers to Re in combating his enemies during the Egyptian seasons of akhet and the first half of peret, roughly from our late summer to the winter solstice (Fairman pp. 32 [9, 8], 33 [10, 2], 34 [10, 14])." (ref)
The timing of the above is very interesting as I believe it is the legacy of the time when Mars locked into orbit above the Trans-Himalayas and belched out Mercury. This 'final separation' allowed earth to wobble back on its axis, thus creating the seasons. Following this genesis, Mercury (and Mars) in a periodic resonant orbit with earth would return to its place of origin for many subsequent years thereafter (prior to being dragged off towards the sun with Venus). Through ancient eyes, and taking the sacred text at face value, this was around the time of the winter solstice, just prior to the sun returning along the horizon. Its Christmas! As a gigantic tree of volatiles or 'Tree of Life' (Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Tower of Babel, all precursors to the Christmas tree,) was seen to rise skywards above the Trans Himalayas, upon each close approach.
A nice Christmas tree wth a 'star' above it, now where have I seen that before?
Note the reference to Behdety as 'sometimes identified with the Morning and Evening Star.' Mercury today is a morning and evening star e.g. 'evening star,' visible after sunset, 'Morning star,' visible before sunrise. If Mercury is being referred to here, then it is a late reference - a time when the sun's true golden power began to shine through and Mercury became lost in the suns glare during the day, becoming visible only around the twilight hours.
The word 'sometimes,' because we are, after all dealing with chaos.
Iron Age fallout?
"Horus Behdety is assisted by numerous followers, called mesenu, or ‘harpooners,’ armed with iron spears and chains. (ref)
"And from that day figures of Horus Behdety in metal have existed." (ref)
"And Horus Behdety did battle with the Enemy for a period of time, and he hurled his iron lance at him, and he threw him down on the ground in this region, which is called Pa-Rerehtu unto this day." (ibid)
It is with no surprise we find an association between Horus Behdety and iron. As Mercury exited Mars, a natural sequence of events saw countless tons of iron debris produced. Large quantities of which fell to earth as iron meteorites - a direct association was made. I would again like to point out that at the same time Mercury exited the Valles Marineris incalculable quantities of vaporized iron rich rock was produced from around Mars' core. This condensed and fell to earth as iron rich sand. The evidence of which is in plain sight for all to see - it forms the majority of the worlds iron rich deserts (and beaches, see Sahara Desert). Even as we speak, the earth today is constantly being bombarded by tons of iron micrometeorites and sand. Believed to have existed from the birth of the Solar System - this is totally incorrect. Such debris is the remnants of the genesis of Mercury only a few thousand years ago!
The bombardment of iron meteorites has led catastrophist writer Professor Alfred de Grazia to propose the Iron Age owes it origins to the Mercury from Mars event. See Grazia's The Iron Age of Mars.
Horus Behdety manifest through the god kings.
As with all the afore mentioned Horus,' Horus Behdety was also directly associated with kingship - many kings were believed to be the 'Living Horus' Behdety during their reign and became one with the god after death.
The same text that tells us Behdety assisted Re around the time of the winter solstice also includes formula for the king to identify himself with Horus Behdety.
“On the day on which trouble and strife occur,” the king reciting four times, “I am the God’s avenger who came forth from Behdet, and Horus of Behdet is my name,” (Fairman 36 [12, 8 - 12, 11]) Ref.
"Behdety became a deity especially protective of the king, and on either side of the sun disc (Not the sun!) a uraeus was added, the cobra deity Uto of Buto in Lower Egypt being in charge of the protection of the pharaoh, the mortal substitute of the divine ruler of Egypt, Horus." Ref.
Strong support for the Pharaohs as Behdety incarnate comes to us via one of the most well renowned and respected Egyptologists Sir Alan Gardiner, who argued that the disk represented the 'actual person' of the of the king, syncretised with the sun-god (Dictionary of Ancient Egypt. Shaw & Nicholson, 2002, p305). He took his lead from images such as the one below which clearly shows the actual disk of Horus Behdety so named (via the kings cartouche directly below the disk) 'Nub-Maat-Re,' ("Lord of Truth like Re"). This being the throne name of Amenhotep III (Mars). Of course the "syncretised with the sun-god" bit is a perfect example of Egyptologists lack of understanding of Horus gods and thus lumping them all together under the heading of 'solar gods.' Oh dear.
The above image shows Amenhotep ("The Dazzling Disk of all Lands") as an aspect of Mars just prior to giving birth to Mercury (Aten). Amenhotep is represented three times, primarily as Horus Behdety at the top of the stele and in human form either side of the carved stone. He is offering to Amun, the god of aurora. More on this image plus a bit more here.
"[Winged sun disc]: Behdety, the great god, the one of the many-coloured plumage, lord of the Heavens: the perfect god, lord of the two lands Men-Maat-Re (Seti), who is given life like Re, every protection and all life be behind him." (The Beit Shean stela of Seti, ref.)
Ramesses/Mars depicted either side of the stela offering to the god Amun (aurora). Surmounting the round toped stone is Ramesses/Mars as Horus Behdety incarnate. The name of Ramesses (enclosed in the a cartouche) is clearly written just below the disk. The name reads "Strong by the Truth of Re, Chosen of Re." A very fitting title as Ramesses/Mars appeared primarily as a red disk, just like the Sun (see Names and Titles).
Further support for a winged Ramesses/Mars comes to us via an inscription at the great temple at Abu Simbel which reads "He Who Spreads Out His Wings Over His Army" (Breasted, Records, Vol III p213).
Kings with Wings
In the Pyramid Texts there are many descriptions of kings adorning the wings of a falcon.
"His (the King's) two wings have grown into (those of) a falcon, his two plumes are (those of) a sacred falcon." (PT 250 cWN)
"The King ascends to heaven to thy presence, O Re. The face of the King is (that of) falcons. The wings of the king are (those of ) birds, his talons are the claws of 'Anty-wy." (PT 461 a-d WPN) "He (the King) ascends to heaven. The top of his wings is (that of) a great bird." (PT 1122 a PN) Ref.
The cartouches of Ramesses the Great (Mars) alongside (thus associating with) Horus Behdety.
The winged disk of Tutankhamun Mars as Horus Behdety incarnate. Tutankhamun ("The Lordly Manifestation of Re") is clearly named via the two cartouches directly below the incandescent Mars.
Making sense of the imagery.
Although it was the astral kings with their winged attributes who gave rise to Horus Behdety (and were so named, as shown above), in later times the winged disk became a natural divine symbol of protection taking pride of place over temple doorways and on the rounded top of stela, etc.
In other words, wherever we see the winged disk it doesn't signify Mercury (or any other another body) was present in full bloom above. On the contrary, Behdety developed into yet another form of the sky god Horus - a Horus who adorned the very distinctive and aesthetically pleasing traits of wings. And as with the previously discussed Horus,' he could be called upon (along with other Horus forms) as and when the situation or image required.
I would offer the very simple formula: If the winged disk has below it a cartouche (as in the above image, the kings name), then it represents, as Sir Alan Gardiner correctly surmised, the 'actual person' of the king - a celestial king as he actually appeared at the time of construction of the said artefact. If on the other hand, a cartouche isn't in sight as in the image below, then we are dealing with more of a universal emblem of protection.
Confused? What do you expect given An Ancient World in Chaos!
What follows is a collection of images and my interpretation.
Horus Behdety, a later universal symbol of protection. If the winged disk represents the Sun at midday, how was it possible to discern the spherical shape with the sun's glare? Moreover, why did the Egyptians paint the globe RED (the globe was once painted red) and not yellow?
The capitols here are symbolic of Lightning Sprites reaching out into the heavens. As with the Winged Disk, such symbolism was ubiquitous throughout the ancient world. Something I'll be writing about in the future.
Top of the stela is Horus Behdety as indentified by the hieroglyphs. Below, an adoration of the gods Re-Horakhty (wearing the usual red disk) and Atum (Zodiacal light) who wears the joint crown of upper and lower Egypt. Re-Horakhty and Horus Behdety were often shown together as in the image below.
A royal offering to Ra-Horakhty, the 'Great God, Lord of the Sky.' Again, in the presence of the winged Behdety as identified by the text. The 'Re Horus of the Horizons' and the all encompassing Horus Behdety, praised by the deceased, who incidentally, wears a 'comet' on her head.
Coming soon; bringing mythology to life.
Re's (red Sun) arched nemesis, the serpent Apophis embodied in the snaking Jet Stream!